Lumbini, the Birthplace of The Lord Buddha. He was born here more than 2,600 years ago. The baby born Prince siddhartha gautam, at the age 35 indeed turned the wheel of the law and became famous in the world as the Buddha, the Englightened One. Lumbini, the birth-place of this great Sage, acquired the holy status as a site of pilgrimage for all the Buddhists and peace seekers of the world. the Buddha himself spoke of the importance of Lumbini for the aeons to come as the first and foremost pilgrimage site among the famous Catumahasthana, the four important holy places.
The garden of Lumbini mentioned as Lumini Canana, Lumbini Vatica, Lumbini Upavana, and Lumbini Cittalavana in early scriptures is situated on the bank of river Telar at the eastern edge of the sakya kingdom of Kapilvastu. the site was renowned for the beauty of its shady grove of sala trees and colorful flowers. Mayadevi, the queen of Shakya King Suddhodhana of Kapilvastu, while going to her maternal home Devdaha, happened to pass through Lumbini. On the Vaisakha Purnima (Full Moon Day) in the month of Vaishak 623 years before Christ, she bathed in the Sakya Pukarini and proceeded towards north. Soon after she felt the sudden pain of labor causing her to hold a branch of the Sala tree under which she was standing. Such was the situation of the divine event where queen Maya Devi gave birth to Prince Siddhartha.
Legends have it that Brahma, Indra and other divinities were on the hand to welcome the birth of the future Buddha and that warm and cold water springs were promptly created for the infant's first bath and a pool of oily water for the purificatory bath of the queen's body.
The Sacred Garden
The Sacred Garden is the focal point of the
Lumbini Garden. It symbolizes the birthplace of the Lord Buddha. Its form, that
of a circle enclosing squares, is a universal symbol of purity and simplicity.
The squares are formed by a network of raised walkways between the landscaping
and the archaeological areas. The Garden is surrounded by a pond and a circular
levee. In order to preserve the historical integrity of the location, there will
be no construction within the sacred area.